Randolph Caldecott was a British artist and illustrator, born in Chester in Cheshire March 22, 1846 and died in Saint Augustine (Florida) on February 12, 1886 during a cruise with his wife.
He is best known for his children's book illustrations, and the Caldecott Prize which is named in his honour. The Caldecott medal, which is awarded to the best children's book illustrator for the year, was named in his honour. He was a contemporary of Walter Crane
Maurice Sendak, commented that "Caldecott's work heralds the beginning of the modern picture book. He devised an ingenious juxtaposition of picture and word, a counterpoint that never happened before."